Hepatitis STD is a disease of the liver that is contracted through the exchange of bodily fluids. While this is not always transmitted through sex, it can be. There are treatments that can make the disease go dormant. However, hepatitis C is never considered cured.
How It Is Transmitted
Hepatitis C is transmitted in multiple ways. The easiest way for someone to pass it from one person to another is through blood transmission. This is most likely to happen when sharing needles, but it can also happen from sharing razors and nail clippers. It is also possible for it to be transmitted sexually, though this is not as common.
Who It Affects
Those who inject drugs and share needles are at the greatest risk. However, anyone who has unprotected sex or shares items such as razors and nail clippers could contract hepatitis C.
In most cases, the first symptom of hepatitis C STD is liver damage. At this point, the disease is advanced and the person with it will have lifelong effects from it. Other symptoms that may show up earlier in some people include:
- Dark urine
- Clay-colored bowel movements
- Abdominal pain
- Loss of appetite
- Joint pain
Hepatitis C is a liver disease, and that is where the effects of it can be seen. Many people do not find out they have the disease until a decade or more after they contracted it. At that point, cirrhosis, liver cancer, and liver failure are all significant risks.
Due to how hard it is to detect hepatitis C without a laboratory test, it is advised that anyone who is sexually active screens for it and other STDs at least once a year.