In the world of STDs, there are a few big names that pretty much everyone is aware of. Then there are the lesser-known diseases that are still able to cause significant problems for those who contract them. And despite their lack of notoriety, they tend to be more common than those with better name recognition. Today, we are going to look at three such STDs: Gardnerella, ureaplasma, and mycoplasma.

First, What Are They?

Gardnerella and ureaplasma are two STDs that are pretty similar. Both of these are formed by bacteria that naturally occur within the body and only become problematic when the cells are no longer in balance with the body. It isn’t fully clear how sexual activity contributes to the development of Gardnerella and ureaplasma infections. It is just known that individuals are more likely to develop infections if they are sexually active.

Mycoplasma better fits the typical definition of an STD in that it is strictly transferred through sexual contact and is not caused by bacteria naturally found in the body. This bacteria invades the body and occupies the skin cells in the urinary and genital tracts.

What Activities Can Result in Their Transfer?

In the case of Gardnerella and ureaplasma infections, these can develop all on their own, even in those who have never been sexually active. However, it has been found that being with a new partner or having multiple sexual partners does increase the likelihood of these infections developing. While this risk is mostly associated with intercourse, any form of genital sexual contact can help an infection occur.

Mycoplasma does not develop on its own; sexual activity is required for infection to occur. Unlike many STDs, it is not strictly spread through intercourse or the exchange of sexual fluids. Even just touching around the genital area can result in its spread. This means barrier methods are not sufficient.

How Can I Avoid Them?

It is not possible to guarantee you won’t get Gardnerella and ureaplasma infections since these can develop on their own. However, the risk can be reduced by using barrier methods of contraception. As for mycoplasma, barrier methods do help reduce the risk, but not enough for sexual contact to be considered safe just because they are used.

In all cases, the best way to prevent yourself from contracting these diseases is to require STD testing before engaging in sexual activity with someone. This can be done at home, using a mail-in STD test. LetsGetChecked comprehensive STD test covers these three STDS, as well as six others, giving you the peace of mind you need.